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CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN




India’s development efforts have been ruined by crime against women. Worldwide at least 35 percent of women have faced either physical or non-physical violence at some point in their lives but national studies had estimated that 70 percent of women experience violence against them. Crime statistics estimated that a very large number of cases were filed under “cruelty by husband and his relatives”.

Year
Reported Cases Under Cruelty by Husband
2013
118.866
2014
122,877
2015
113,403
Report Of National Crime Bureau (70% of Women Are A Victim of Domestic Violence) Cases Referred:

  • Satinder Lal Gupta vs Swarna Lata Gupta
  • Ram Kumar vs State Of Madhya Pradesh, Manpreet Kaur vs Jasbir Singh.

Common forms of crime against women are domestic abuse, sexual assault, and murder. Crime against women in India is committed every 3 minutes. There was a massive increase in the number of crime rates by 44 percent from 2011 to 2015.
The most highlighted crime is “rape”. No other such crime is given much importance in media than rape. Rape is defined under the Indian penal code. In last few years some cases like Delhi gang-rape case, Scarlett Keeling Case in Goa, etc. which made international headlines. One woman is raped every 20 minutes in India according to national crime bureau. Year to year the number of cases for rape is increasing. A 7 years old girl raped and murdered in Uttar Pradesh, 12 years old girl raped and murdered in Assam, 12 years girl raped in front of her family in Uttar Pradesh and many more.




Year
Reported Rapes
2011
24,206
2012
24,923
2013
34,707
2014
36,735
2015
34,651



National Crime Bureau Recorded Rape in the Previous Year as Follows: Women are now more educated and are independent, which ultimately increase the record of rapes. Women are now fighting for themselves but are not getting justice because police are not giving a fair hearing and medical evidence.

  • INSULT TO MODESTY includes assault on women with the intention to outrage her modesty. There was a massive increase in crime of outraging the modesty of women. 
    Year
    Reported Cases
    Difference
    2011
    2435
    2012
    2563
    +128(increase)
    2013
    2579
    +16(increase)

    (Cases Referred: Aloshia Joseph v. Rev. Dr. Joseph Kollamparambil; M.M. Haries v. State Of Kerala, Santha v. State Of Kerala.)
    • ACID THROWING is also known as an acid attack. This is the act in which acid is thrown directly on the face of the victim which burns the skin which causes damage or dissolving the bones. It may lead to blindness, permanent disfiguring the face. According to NCBR, 72 percent of cases are reported under the crime of acid attack.


      Year
      Reported Cases
      Difference
      2013
      51,881
      2014
      57,311
      +5430(increase)
      2015
      59,277
      +1966(increase)

      (Cases Referred: The State v. Ajay Bharti, Sakthivel v. state, State v. Promod)
      • DOWRY DEATH is an act of murder or suicide of married women by her husband or relatives of her husband for the demand of dowry. Although dowry is illegal in India, it is still practiced to give an expensive gift, for the demand for money, property, etc. NCBR says that approximately 5000 cases are recorded under dowry death each year.
      Year
      Reported Cases
      2010
      8391
      2011
      8618
      2012
      8233

      (Cases Referred: Kans Raj v State of Punjab, Pawan Kumar v State of Haryana, K.M Sujhit v State of Kerela.)
      At least 144 countries have passed laws on domestic violence. However, even when laws exist, this does not mean they are always compliant with international standards and suggestions. As far as sexual assault or sexual harassment is concerned there are 75 cases of those that are reported. And about 70,000 women are those that do not report the crime.
      • PERPETUATION is the act when the girl is given less access to education as compared to boys. It is the mentality of Indian culture that females are not meant for studies. About 80 percent of boys get the education and less than half of girls get this opportunity. This ultimately gives rise to gender equality. There are some women who are strong and complained about the case against gender violence; on another hand, some due to fear, pressure, family belief and culture do not report the case.
      • HIGHLIGHTED AREAS for the crime against women are West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan. These areas are those areas where cases of crime against women are registered more than any other place.
      The unresponsive law stops the women to file the complaint against the crime. In most of the cases, police only ask women to withdraw her case and compromise with the accused. According to the latest report National Crime Bureau, it showed how the crime of rape has risen sharply by 12 percent to 15 percent and other crime against women gone up by 3 percent to 5 percent. The situation becomes worse for victims when there is a delay in judicial decision making or when the police refuse to register the case. These crime rates against women can only decrease when the due process works in to encourage awareness in protecting women’s freedom. The very living of our faith in India’s democracy rests on implementing a legal and public institutional system that actively motivates and supports the agency of women and their freedom. To ensure this, it is the duty of the police to act professionally and follow due process on matters of all crimes against women; and for lawyers and judges to turn up in court and do their jobs well.

      “I wish that women in the future don’t have to go through this abuse anymore, which is our objective to build a community where people respect each other and don’t see another person as a property or a piece of meat and instead see them as a human being”.
      -Raya Sarkar






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